NROL-39 Nothing is Beyond Our Reach
With all the talk about the Lovecraftian logo, I haven’t seen word one on the NROL-39 mission itself. And that’s a shame because it is actually pretty cool. Formally known as ELaNa II / GEMSAT the unclassified auxiliary mission also included a variety of NASA student designed CubeSats.
On December 5, the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO) launched NROL-39 from Vandenberg Air Force Base Space Launch Complex-3E. The last of two NRO launches in 2013, NROL-39 was the NRO’s second rideshare mission, utilizing space aboard the launch vehicle to carry an auxiliary payload into orbit.
Prior to this, in the first NRO rideshare mission, NROL-36 in August 2012, the United Launch Alliance (ULA) redesigned the Atlas V Centaur upper stage pressure system, providing additional payload volume on the aft-bulkhead of the upper stage. The NRO and ULA developed an Aft Bulkhead Carrier to host an auxiliary payload.
The NROL-39’s auxiliary payload — GEMSat — contains multiple CubeSats integrated into Poly-Picosatellite Deployers, or “P-PODs,” built by the California Polytechnic State University in San Luis Obispo, California. The P-PODs, in turn, are integrated into the Naval Postgraduate School CubeSat Launcher (NPSCul), an adapter that can attach multiple P-PODs to a single structure.
NROL-39 carried the Government Experimental Multi-Satellite (GEMSat) payload into orbit in a specially designed Aft Bulkhead Carrier, part of the Atlas V Centaur upper stage. The GEMSat payload contains 12 CubeSats, or “nanosatellites.”
The CubeSats perform a variety of unique scientific experiments and demonstrate high-technology operational concepts. Sponsored by the NRO’s Mission Integration Directorate and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Launch Support Program, these CubeSats were developed by a number of laboratories, universities, and government entities across the United States.
The NRO-sponsored CubeSats included:
- Two developed by Aerospace Corporation, called AeroCube-5 (AC-5), will demonstrate new technologies for pointing and tracking between two identical CubeSats. AC-5 will also record launch environment data such as pressure, temperature, and vibration; and will demonstrate a deorbit device.
- One developed by the Air Force Institute of Technology, ALICE, will test the performance of an advanced carbon nanotube array, which has great potential for smaller, lighter, and more energy-efficient satellite propulsion.
- Four developed by the United States Army — one called SNaP, two SMDC-One, and one TacSat-IV — will demonstrate nanosatellite communication capabilities.
The NASA-sponsored CubeSats, part of NASA’s Educational Launch of Nanosatellites (ELaNa) mission, included:
- Two developed by Montana State University Space Science and Engineering Laboratory and funded by the National Science Foundation, called FIREBIRD, a space weather mission that will seek to resolve questions pertaining to microbursts in the Van Allen radiation belts.
- One developed by California Polytechnic State University, IPEX, will validate direct broadcast, autonomous science, and product delivery technologies supporting advancement of the Intelligent Payload Module for the proposed Hyperspectral Infrared Imager earth science decadal survey mission.
- One developed by University of Michigan, called MCubed-2, will demonstrate an advanced on-board data processing system.
- One developed by Medgar Evers College, City University of New York, CUNYSAT-1, will monitor satellite spin, battery, and solar panel efficiencies.
NASA Edge covered the launch and subsequent deployment of the satellites in space. In Part 1, the actual launch itself is around the 27:00 mark, but if you want to learn more about the kids and teachers that worked on these projects watch the entire video.
The deployments occur throughout Part 2 and the first one is around the 6:30 mark. Deployments are shown via an animation/data visualization, not live video. If you are interested in meeting the students that designed these CubeSats and learning more about what they are doing this second part is great and worth watching.