In the 17th & 18th Centuries with the Enlightenment movement the rise of humanism was witnessed and the disconnection from the 'Real' authority. The rise of humanism and the control of science and technology has pushed our knowledge of the world around us, how has this affected the autonomous human subject? Where do the ethical and moral implications of technology leave the human? Where will humanism lead us too? What is this term, referred to as 'posthumanism'? What does it mean to be 'posthuman'? How does it differ from transhumanism? This piece will discuss these terms and the consequences of the concepts and the individuality that can be seen as at risk, or empowered by the continuing movement and progress of science and technology.