Complex Systems

Mind as a Virtual Reality Machine

Mind as a Virtual Reality Machine

By what empirical means can a person determine whether he or she is presently awake or dreaming? Any conceivable test addressing this question, which is a special case of the classical metaphysical doubting of reality, must be statistical (for the same reason that empirical science is, as noted by Hume).

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Ben Goertzel – Emergence, Reduction & Artificial Intelligence

Ben Goertzel – Emergence, Reduction & Artificial Intelligence

The concept of emergence is controversial to some – for example Eliezer Yudkowski, who favors reductionism, wrote a critique at Less Wrong (see link below).  Do reductionists often dismiss emergence? Ben formalized emergence in his book ‘The Evolving Mind’ as patterns that appear when you put two or more things together that are not there in any of the individual parts. “Th...

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Evolutionary methods for problem solving and artificial development

Evolutionary methods for problem solving and artificial development

Distributed Human-based Genetic Algorithms What we know is that human based genetic algorithms can utilize the Darwinian process of “natural selection” to evolve a candidate solution. Human based genetic algorithms utilize the human as the selector and innovator. The data itself represents the sequence. The sequence is a data pattern. The human beings contribute data patterns such as the”unique co...

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