- The Techno-Utopians who are delighted to have their faith in Progress so strongly validated.
- The Techno-Dystopians who are suspicious of any perceived effort to sweep the excesses of the Industrial Age under rug.
- The Compassionate Core who deeply resonate with the positive solutions described in the book, but are rightly concerned with unintended consequences, collateral damage and overreaching as we try to get there.
Said another way: Flow makes sustainable Abundance possible.
We’re going to lay out the skeleton of the argument here and look forward to feedback, pushback and commments. Over time, we’ll flesh this out into a more mature essay; for now, we’re stoked to get the conversation going.
That’s always been one of the biggest problems in keeping up with radical change of any stripe–it moves too fast, and breaks too unpredictably for all but the best-positioned, superhuman, or just plain lucky to catch. And here’s where we’d do well to explore the analogue a little more thoroughly, as what’s happened in the real sport of surfing in the last few decades might offer us a few insights into the next few decades of what’s coming.
Since the early days of surfing’s modern incarnation, at the beginning of the last century, wave faces in excess of 40 feet had been the outer limits of possible. As author Susan Casey explains in The Wave, “Anything bigger is simply moving too fast; trying to catch a 60-foot wave by windmilling away on your stomach is like trying to catch the subway by crawling.”
To get around this problem, in the early 1990s Laird Hamilton, Buzzy Kerbox, Dave Kalama and a handful of other mavericks invented the sport of tow-in surfing. Instead of paddling into monster waves, these surfers, using boards with straps on them, would hitch a ride on a towline hung behind a Jet Ski. The vehicle could then whip the surfer into the wave with exacting precision and more than enough speed to keep him moving. Once off-limits waves were suddenly open for business.
(last two paragraphs excerpted from Steven Kotler’s new article Superhuman)
That’s what we’re trying to figure out right now–how do we keep up with the bigger, faster, altogether more powerful and scary waves of change we collectively face?
(and where’s our Jet-Ski ?)
Fortunately, the possibilities described in Abundance raise the bar with one hand, and offer us a lift with the other. At the same time that the pace and scope of novelty are blowing off the charts, our insights and access to the accelerants we need to help us keep pace are too. Once we accept that our old methods of self-propulsion–specifically how we’ve learned and developed as leaders and people–don’t move us fast enough, we can start tinkering with better options, just like Hamilton and the Strapped crew did in their Maui garage.
One of the more promising hacks lies in accelerating our learning curve–if we can figure more stuff out faster, we at least stand a chance at staying on our feet. And what’s one of the best ways to learn faster?
Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, the University of Chicago researcher and father of Flow studies, realized that when learners drop into Flow states, they concentrate more deeply, pick up information more quickly, and progress towards Mastery sooner.
Like Laird Hamilton getting towed in to waves far too big to paddle into, we can use Flow to keep ahead of the curve of change–learning fast enough not to get pounded.
So what’s the secret–how does Flow help us get better sooner?
To understand that, we need to define a few terms:
First off, in terms of human development, we need to think very specifically about two different categories of experience–States and Stages. Flow, by its very definition, is a state. That means it has a beginning and an end. It is an experience, often fleeting, that picks us up for a moment, then sets us back down, more or less where we left off.
Being awake is a state. So is going to sleep or dreaming.
Since it doesn’t happen routinely like napping, Flow is considered a special kind of state–a non-ordinary state of consciousness (NOSC), and even more specifically, a peak state. That means it doesn’t happen very often, but when it does–it’s a keeper, a deep fulfillment of possibilty and potential–one for the scrap books.
A stage, on the other hand, is a more durable and stable experience–it’s the foundational way we make sense of the world, and we can develop over time through increasingly complex stages that reflect our growing skills and abilities. The “terrible twos” is a stage. So is adolescence.
After puberty though, all subsequent human development is optional.
If I’m really dedicated to the pursuit of the mediocre, I can remain fixed at the stage of complexity I left college with–never reading anything thicker than a magazine, and never shifting the way I view the world from how it looked through a foggy pair of beer goggles.
But the little known reality is just because subsequent, higher stages of adult development are optional, it doesn’t mean they are imaginary. In fact, movement from conventional ways of engaging the world to post-conventional ways is predictable, measurable and suprisingly easy to achieve--and offers massive benefits to our abilties to anticipate and respond to complex change.
That’s at the heart of why we’re suggesting that Flow states play such a central role in achieving Abunance. We’re going to need to learn to learn faster.
To stick with our practical example, I might be an unremarkable intermediate surfer (my stage of development) who one day, in the water with my best mates, manages a rare moment of grace (a Flow-like state) where everything goes right.
I pull into a glassy barrel, the wavepeeling over my head, I zoom down the line, bursting back out into the light, carve up the face, catch air off the lip, land on my board and ride out into the whitewater, laughing and amazed.
That fleeting Flow state felt fantastic–so good in fact, that I can’t stop thinking about it–after beers that night, and replayed a thousand times on the drive back from the coast.
Drawn in by that intoxicating glimpse of my Future Possible pro-surfer self, I spend more time than ever daydreaming about surfing, watching my favorite surf movies, replaying my own hero moment again and again, and getting out for sunset paddles every night I can after work.
It takes me almost a year of this kind of incremental practice for me to even glimpse another peak experience of Flow on my board–but by the time it does, I have now trained my game–gradually raising my stage of surfing ability, to better be able to experience the Flow state when it all momentarily comes together.
This cycle repeats, and provided I stick with my incremental practice during my plateaus, I stand a decent chance of continuing to evolve–getting reeled in by my Future Possible.
As Pultizer Prize winning poet Gary Snyder writes:
A High Tower
On a Wide Plain
Climb up Just One Floor
You’ll see a Thousand Miles More
That extra elevation a peak experience affords can reward us with views we might never otherwise glimpse. We can detect patterns, identify obstacles, and anticipate solutions that beneath the clouds, lay obscured.
The only trouble comes with the Frequency and Duration of those catalytic little Flow states. If they happen only once in a Blue Moon, there’s a good chance I’ll lose interest over time, slack off on my deliberate practice and settle back into the comfortable rut of my current stage.
If they happen too briefly, I barely have the chance to realize what’s going on before it stops, and never figure out how to do more of it again. It’s like bungee-jumping–exhilarating and fun, but over so fast it’s hard to learn much.
So the real key to hacking Abundance is to find ways to repeat and extend Flow state experiences, using the information (what it takes to get barreled in a wave) and inspiration (super fun–mustdo again) to fuel deliberate practice.
That’s where we create a virutous cycle between our state experiences and our stage of development. By taking the peaks of our experiences, and intentionally plowing them back into the valleys of our least developed skills, we smooth out our overall profile, and raise the foundation upon which we stand.
But, (and there’s always a “but” when discussing anything that whiffs of the ecstatic or transcendent) it’s crucial that seeking and cultivating Flow states doesn’t become a hamster wheel end-game of its own. Taken to the extreme, we seekers of Flow become Bliss Junkies–moving heaven and earth to grab one more taste of the technicolor Goods, and lying around listlessly on the monochrome days between.
After all, if it’s so clear and effortless during a Flow state and so much seems to get done so fast, why bother with the uphill struggles of the day to day?
It becomes a vicious cycle where we constantly one-up ourselves to make our peaks Bigger, Better, Longer and Stronger so that, if only for a moment (or an evening, or one infamously deranged week in the Nevada desert) we feel like Superman.
The problem is, when the firehose of inspiration is turned off and our Flow state fades away, we go from a Full Bucket to a leaky kitchen colander in moments. By Monday morning, we’re back to our old self, and our old stage. Thestate we momentarily inhabited becomes either an object of fond nostalgia or bitter disappointment depending on how hard we land, and how optimistic we are about chances of a successful relaunch.
Instead of that well-traveled dead end (thanks Aquarians!) we can become much more deliberate about how we seek Flow states and what we do with them once we find them. We can, in effect, go from leaky colanders, to water-tight chalices–using the Flow we do experience to patch the holes in our game, and become increasingly efficient with what’s left over.
By increasing the predictable frequency of our Flow states, we can spend less time wandering around waiting for lightning to strike, and more time bottling it.
By extending the duration of time we spend immersed in Flow, we can heed one philosopher’s admonition to not “give in to Astonishment!” and instead engage in self-aware learning while we’re there.
These longer flight times help establish what neuro-marketer Matrin Lindstrom calls “somatic triggers” where we create a lived experience of what it feels like to think, feel, move, and interrelate from a state of hyperperformance. Then, when the dust has settled and we’ve returned more or less to earth, we can rely on those somatic waypoints like training wheels for Ubermensch.
“You got to go There,” Zora Neale Hurston once wrote, “to know There!”
We can leverage our altered states and turn them into altered traits.
Or as Harvard scholar Huston Smith once so perfectly put it,
“turn our passing illuminations into abiding Light.”
Flow Genome Project is a trans-disciplinary, international organization committed to mapping the genome of Flow by 2020
and open sourcing it to everyone
The Flow State: Flow states, peak experiences, in the zone, runner’s high, being unconscious—the lingo is endless. The experience though lives up to the hype. Time slows down, self vanishes, there’s a complete merger between action and awareness— it almost sounds like nonsense, but fifty years of serious research says otherwise. Flow states are now known to optimize performance, enhance creativity, drive innovation, , accelerate learning, amplify memory and underpin happiness itself.
The Problem: The people who want to study Flow states aren’t that good at having them; the people who are really good at having Flow states aren’t all that interested in studying them. As a result, researchers are balkanized, their work occasionally marginalized. There are no coordinated scientific efforts, little cross-pollination of ideas and—as a result—no real roadmap towards discovery and application.
STEVEN KOTLER: Director of Research for the Flow Genome Project, is a bestselling author and award-winning journalist. A lifelong adrenaline and adventure junkie, Steven has taken “participant observer” to new levels as one of the most trusted voices articulating the leading edge of action sports, and grounding it in the hard sciences of neuro-biology and performance psychology. His articles have appeared in over 60 publications, including The New York Times Magazine, Wired, GQ, Outside, Men’s Journal, Popular Science, Discover and National Geographic. His books include the non-fiction works: Abundance (co-authored with X-Prize founder Peter Diamandis), A Small Furry Prayer, West of Jesus and the novel The Angle Quickest for Flight. He also writes “The Playing Field,” a blog about the science of sport for PsychologyToday.com
JAMIE WHEAL: Director of Programs for the Flow Genome Project is a culture architect who lives to design and deliver dynamic learning experiences–like taking a bunch of executives ski-mountaineering to learn high risk decision making, or leading a Lord of the Flies wargame in the Utah canyonlands to explore warrior ethics.
He has worked with Fortune 500 companies including Abbott Laboratories, Fidelity Investments and Affiliated Computer Services, and learning organizations like Young Presidents’ Organization (YPO) and the Acton MBA, (ranked as a Top Five business school in the country by the Princeton Review).
His love for mashing up the most challenging physical and mental programming possible draws on his work in surf rescue, wilderness medicine, and outdoor learning theory, as well as from expeditions in the Sierras, the Rockies, and the Himalayas. He is on the faculty of the Esalen Institute where he leads annual programs on Integral Leadership and works actively within the Conscious Capitalism community as a Chief of Staff helping visionary leaders architect and operate impact organizations.
This article originally appeared as several separate posts at the Flow Genome Project blog here: http://www.flowgenomeproject.co See also http://www.flowgenomeproject.co/blog/tag/abundance