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Covering technological, scientific, and cultural trends that are changing–and will change–human beings in fundamental ways.

Editor's Blog

Michael Garfield
December 30, 2009


Rock concert with jumbo screen

– It’s 2006, and I am now accustomed to the jumbo screens to either side of the main stage at any given major music festival. I still remember having no choice but to elbow my way to the front if I wanted a better view, and it’s still a fresh feeling: gratitude for being able to leave my binoculars at home and enjoy the view from the lawn

– It’s 2007, and I am a consultant for social music network iggli.com, a start-up hoping to build online communities around a “celestial jukebox” (i.e., software that will stream any music to any internet-enabled device, effectively and immediately rendering music ownership battles obsolete). Another of their fun toys is a streaming matrix of concert photography fed live from member’s cell phones while they are at the shows...search by artist, location, or date, and everyone’s angles ticker-tapes past as fast as they can be uploaded.

– It’s 2008, and I meet the representatives of Gen Audio, an audio firm promoting their game-changing new sound mixing technology. Their software AstoundSound allows engineers to place moving sound sources anywhere in an infinite virtual sphere, generating spatiotemporal natural sonic environments with the wizardry of phasing and psychoacoustics. Two of their earliest applications are in as-if-you’re-there telepresencing and AR overlays so commercial pilots can hear aviation information superimposed over real-world topography, as if audio beacons are actually planted across the landscape. Not far behind are “audio planetariums” that offer audiences an auditory journey through the cosmos…and ultimately, perhaps even rich enough 4D audio AR that the blind will be able to drive.

Bonnaroo 2009. Photo: prefixmag.com– It’s 2009, and I am watching the Bonnaroo Music Festival in Tennessee…from my friend’s couch in Kansas City. Every concert at this event – one of the largest music festivals in the world – is streaming live from a team of professional videographers, courtesy of excellent info-age PR. Bonnaroo isn’t the only one, either; website iClips.net travels from festival to festival all summer providing free multi-camera streams of most of the summer’s most exciting musical events. Meanwhile, technology’s weird consequences for location-based entertainment grow more profound as “silent raves” (at which everyone wears headphones, which may or may not even be playing the same music) grow in popularity.

Let’s telescope this to about five years from now. The celestial jukebox, now realized through search engines specialized for streaming music, has dealt a fatal blow to conventional music sales. Like most other entertainment media, music is now in the business of creating social experiences, rather than leasing licenses on intellectual property. Music sales continue in the form of interactive multimedia album packages, but most of the action takes place at concerts. And concerts don’t look like they used to.

When I get to the theater I am half an hour late, but that’s okay because my friends and I took a taxi and have been watching and listening through our glasses on the ride down. Our tickets – purchased and redeemed online – grant us access not only to the building, but also a secure server where other concertgoers are streaming live feeds from their own glasses. The user agreement we sign grants the venue limited access to our glasses' positional and biometric data – which enables us to map, among other things, where exactly in the house each anonymized video feed is located. When we get there the place is packed, but a quick search through the venue’s map of live feeds directs us through a relatively open swath of crowd and to a corner offering decent line-of-sight. I still can’t see the lead guitarist’s hands from where I’m standing, so I keep a picture-in-picture of one of the less-bouncy feeds from up front.



Home theaterSome things remain the same: live music is still mostly about paying for bandwidth and commodifying the je ne sais quoi of physical bodies in actual space. My friends at home watch the show on a lo-fi, high-latency feed with sound in mere stereo (“AstoundSound where available”) and from the theater’s in-house team – now standard in many upscale venues as a free appetizer. Advertisements augment empty stage space that for us ticket holders is painted in vivid, evolving, live visuals that combine band themes with optional user-specific variation based on our glasses’ biometrics feed.

Tonight, my head’s not in the right place, my own biofeed-constrained graphics are boring me. I check out the band-provided “pop-up video” and “cymatic transcript” overlays, then spend a few minutes stumbling through the anonymous AR-scapes of other audience members before voting for a few I like and breeding them with my own bookmarked algorithms. A few minutes of calibration is worth the more interesting view. The same biofeeds are in input channel for stage musicians, who have brought the philosophy of Web 2.0 to a new level by mapping pulse, skin galvanic response, and other values to musical outputs – allowing 21st Century bands and DJs a level of intimate co-improvisation that, to varying degrees, has eroded the artist-audience boundary.

If I had settled for a telepresence ticket, I’d be watching this stream to my home theater in fully immersive audio and hi-res video, but my access would be limited to user feeds behind a virtual velvet rope. If I had sprung for VIP access, I would have reserved seating with bottle service, feeds from behind the band and backstage, and limited invites to medium-quality feeds for a few friends who couldn’t make it.

Engineers. place moving sound sources anywhere in an infinite virtual sphere, generating spatiotemporal natural sonic environments with the wizardry of phasing and psychoacoustics.

(Authentication keys exchanged between ticket-holding hardware and the venue make it nearly impossible to broadcast paid feeds – it took me a while to get used to sitting at home with friends spaced out on the couch nearby, catching comped invites to a different show. Not too different from the self-conscious “laptop parties” of yesteryear.)

Telepresencing technology and the raw hunger of fans for free and novel entertainment is in an arms race with corporate ingenuity’s efforts to commodify increasingly abstract souvenir experiences. The two market forces combine to generate more options: in response to freely available live music, the industry must work harder to create points of artificial scarcity and more intimate/intricate pay-to-play options.

And so, at the same time that enhanced albums have totally outsold music without user-remix options and liner notes that rabbit-hole into elaborate online games, live music is exploring baroque new dimensions of interactivity. The positive feedback between bandwidth and creative control creates a new hierarchy of consumer engagement, a hundred new strata of participant-observers. Compared to even a few years ago, every seat – even at home – is the best seat in the house.

And that’s without even touching on theater.

6 Comments

    this is stupid
    who wants all of this glasses crap and who cares enough to spend two minutes at a concert fooling around with the glasses to get a good background behind the people that are playing. who really cares?
    the at home things would not be able to charge per person, because anyone else could walk in the room
    the biofeedback improvisation thing would be cool, but not at a concert. people go to concerts to listen to songs they know from an artist they love. the bio whatever would be pretty sweet at a club or a rave.

    Fair enough, call it a rave. And it's five years out, not ten or twenty, so glasses is probably as good as we'll get. You're right that two minutes is a long time to adjust settings; I'd reconsidered that after I wrote it, has to be a better way, probably intelligent adaptation to prior preferences, some kind of Google-flavored nonsense. As for charging per person, I imagine there'd be a million easy ways to hack a private feed onto public projectors, but you'd lose all of the personalization.

    But at least I'm willing to put my name on my stupid ideas and get them out there for people to rip on anonymously. Although, of course, I'd prefer some kind of thoughtful discussion.

    What do YOU think it'd be like?

    That's a pretty fascinating projection of how the limits of AV technology are going to expand to accommodate crowds and venues.

    I can't see the music industry (well, the majors anyway) relinquishing control of their precious copyrights anytime soon, and I'm sure they'll find a way to restrict song availability on the celestial jukebox as they have with everything else, unless listeners are willing to pay assloads of money for it. For nearly a century, they've been doing battle with radio over who should benefit from airplay and still haven't really figured it out.

    As far as the concert experience goes, I don't see the stadium trend continuing. I think concerts will get smaller, as the idea of seeing a live musician in a more intimate setting is re-gaining in appeal and the possibility of international stardom on the level we've known it dwindles as more types of music become available through a growing number of outlets.

    I think your statement to the above comment that "I imagine there'd be a million easy ways to hack a private feed onto public projectors, but you'd lose all of the personalization" is interesting on a different level than you probably meant. I think the more technology you use to filter a musical experience, even if the idea is to try to enhance it, the more you lose the personalization of the event. Nothing will ever replace or equal the powerful human connections that are created between a live musician and an audience. This, I believe, is the biggest reason why I can't envision your hyper-industrialized concert experience as a replacement for a good old-fashioned show in a unique venue.

    This seems a long way from my coffee-house experiences from the '60s, or perhaps it's just come full circle. Interesting projections of the future and a very entertaining article.

    Some people. Anonymous just doesn't get that many people want to know and feel and expand their horizons. Two minutes adjustment? Nothing compared to an enhanced level of experience. Peter Gabriel and Michael Garfield, etc. GET that the future is going to look and feel different to us and you guys want us all to be right there on the cutting edge. Keep on thinking, Michael, and imagining the waves of the future. I hope to be there when your imaginings come to be a new reality! Sounds like a great ride!

    The Celestial Jukebox is already here, and just like google searching for torrents it's too decentralized to be gotten rid of.

    However, I do agree with your last statement in the sense that evolution never COMPLETELY replaces one level of organization for another...the biosphere is still ruled by bacteria, and likewise I imagine live music events will always outnumber fancy tech ones (at least among humans).

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